Postal history 1891 – 1918

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

www.naarstad.nomorten(@)naarstad.no

Est. July 1997

 

 

 

Related links: www.jiv.dkwww.postileimat.comwww.karjalaleimat.net

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Notes

·         Finland: Postcards with divided address side on international mail 1902-1907. Written for The Postal History Journal, Postal History Society, USA.

·         1890 – 1909 Russian Postal Cards Used in Finland 1890. The Finnish Philatelist, Vol. 12, No. 1 • February 2007, p. 5-9, Scandinavian Collectors Club, USA.

·         1909 Russische Postkarten verwendet in Finland (1) – 1890 – 1909 Russische Postkarten verwendet in Finland (2). German translation in the Philatelistische Nachrichten, PN 139/140, Die Forschungsgemeinschaft Nordische Staaten e.V., Germany.

·         Insured mail from Finland to Russia 1891 – 1918. The Finnish Philatelist, Vol. 11, No. 3 • August 2006, p. 8-11, Scandinavian Collectors Club, USA.

·         3 Kopek Ring Postal Cards: Recognizing Address Line Varieties, Type I & Type II -  Nårstad’s Remarkable Discovery Unmasks 110 Year Old Variety. The Finnish Philatelist, Vol. 6, No. 4 • August 2001, p. 18-20, Scandinavian Collectors Club, USA.

 

 

 

 

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October 1917

 

 

Domestic postal rates changed on October 1st 1917. Rates was increased and rates no longer stated in both Finnish and Russian currency. Rates stated in Finnish currency only. Still Russian stamps was valid franking on both domestic and international mail.

 

For many years currency exchange rates between Finnish and Russian currencies was stable. These changes during 1917. Due to reduction and fluctuation in the rouble value, actual exchange rates was distributed to post offices to avoid loss. The Finnish GPO informed post offices located along the railroad lines by telegraph on a regular basis. There they gave updates on currency exchange rates between Finnish and Russian currency.

 

On October 4th new prices was set for Russian stamps sold at Finnish post offices. Pre October prices was 2 kopeks for a 5 penni stamps, 4 kopeks for a 10 penni stamps and so on. New prices was 4 kopeks for a 5 penni stamp and 8 kopeks for 10 penni stamp.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Insured cover containing 500 roubles from Helsingfors on October 5th 1917. To Denmark.

 

Old currency exchange rate: 100 roubles equals 260 Francs. Amount to insure in Francs is 1300.

 

Rate: 40 kopeks for second weight class cover. 20 kopeks registration fee and 60 kopeks insurance fee (12 kopeks each 300 francs).

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1000 Roubles money order from Turku on October 6th 1917. To Helsingfors.

 

Up to date currency exchange rate: 100 roubles equals 128 marks.

 

Rate: 50 penni up to 100 marks, then 50 penni each additional 100 marks. Making 6 marks 50 penni, corresponding to 5 roubles 7 kopek in Russian currency stamps.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

19 roubles 75 kopeks money order from Turku on October 20th 1917. To Lahti.

 

Up to date currency exchange rate: 100 roubles is less than or equal to 125 marks. 19 roubles 75 kopeks equals to 24 marks 69 penni or less.

 

Rate: 30 penni up to 25 marks, corresponding to 24 kopek franking in Russian currency stamps.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Sources and references:

Various postal circulars from the FGPO.

Suomen postitaksat 1875 – 2001.

Ruplan kurssin muutoksien vaikutukset Suomen kotimaan postitaksoihin loka-marraskuussa 1917, Filatelisti 6/2008.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Postcards with divided address side on international mail 1902 -1907

 

Written on March 14 2017 for The Postal History Journal, Postal History Society.

 

The first lettercards was issued in the late 1860ies. In the beginning, one side was meant for address, franking and postal use only. The other side for written messages. As time went the use of lettercards increased dramatically and needs also changed. In parallel with the lettercards, postcards developed. Postcards appeared with smaller motives on the one side. At the turn of the century, the motive occupied all the space meant for written messages.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Postcard undivided address side with 4 kopek accurate franking

 

A beautiful postcard with the motive covering a third of the reverse side, leaving enough space for a written message. Dated Nådendal/Nantaali July 22 1901 to Sweden. Put into mail on the boat from Nådendal to Åbo/Turku. Struck by ships figure stamp and Åbo/Turku CDS July 23  1901. Upsala July 25 1901 receiver.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Postcard undivided address side with 10 penni accurate franking.

 

A postcard from the steamer Bore with the motive covering most of the reverse side, leaving less space for a message. Written and posted onboard Bore on its way to Stockholm/Sweden. Addressed to Stockholm with framed Från Finland (Harbour cancel: From Finland) and Stockholm N.ANK.AFD. October 9 1898. Also Stockholm 2 TUR the very same day.

 

 

 

The first postcards with divided address side was launched by Frederick Hartmann in London and came onto the market early 1902. Hartman developed the cards in understanding with British postal authorities. This led to that Great Britain accepted them at lettercard tariff on domestic mail already from 1902. Among other countries, Russia did not accept them as lettercards on domestic mail until 1904. Germany and several other countries followed in 1905. For international use, yet they were not accepted forwarded at lettercard tariffs.

In Great Britain, we can find postcards with address side including the text; For the use in the British Isles only. On the other hand, later postal cards, but prior to or in 1907 we can find postal cards with imprinted; This space may be used for communication Inland and to all Foreign Countries except Japan, Spain and the United States.

At the UPU congress in Rome 1906 the postcards with divided address side were accepted at lettercard rate on international mail. The decision was effective on October 1 1907.

 

 

 

 

From the moment lettercards with divided address side were launched and until they was accepted used at lettercard rate in 1907 they had to be franked at ordinary cover tariff. On international mail from Finland, this was 10 kopeks.

On domestic mail, we can find postal cards with divided address side used prior to October 1 1907.  All cards found are franked with 3 kopeks or 10 penni corresponding to the inland lettercard rate.

Nearly all cards sent abroad were franked with 4 kopeks and no postage due was applied. We should consider this the normal use. From 1905, we can find items with postage due, especially to USA. USA did not accept the use of the cards at lettercard rate until October 1st 1907 even on domestic mail.

For the last 20 years, I have searched through piles of postcards looking for the 10-kopek franking. Finally finding the below postcard in 1917. Lettercards originating from Finland with divided address side and properly franked with 10 kopeks should be considered very scarce.

 

 

Postal tariffs to foreign destinations

Lettercard/Postcard

April 1st 1879 – August 13 1900 or

May 1st 1891 – September 13 1917

10 penni

4 kopek

Cover

April 1st 1879 – August 13 1900 or

May 1st 1891 – September 13 1917

25 penni

1o kopek

 

 

Endnotes:

Svensk Posthistoria 1855 – 1925, Swedish Postal History 1855 - 1925, Jan Billgren and Sören Andersson, Swedish Philatelic Federation.

Suomen Postitaksat 1875 – 2001, Finnish Postage Rates 1875 - 2001, several authors, Post Museum 2016, Helsinki.

Official post statistics, years 1896, -97, -98, 99, -00, -02, -05, -06, -08, -09, from the Finnish GPO.

Circulars from the Finnish GPO.

www.metropostcard.com, Alan Petrulis.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Postcard divided address side with 4 kopek franking. Short paid no postage due applied.

 

From Lovisa July 13 1906. To Smyrne (Izmir) with receiver Smyrne Deutsche Post July 20 1906 (German Post Office in Ottoman Empire (Turkey)).

 

 

Postcard divided address side with 4 kopek franking. Short paid and postage due applied.

 

The publisher of the card is Å & H, probably in Sweden. From Mångstekta with mail carrier 106 and Sund October 29 1905 (Åland island). To Yonkers New York. New York B November 19 - 6 CENTS DUE. Paid with 5 and 1-cent stamps. Framed Yonkers N.Y. Postage due calculated as double the amount of franking missing up to cover rate: Cover rate 25 centimes/5 cents. Lettercard rate 10 centimes/4 kopeks. Amount due: 30 centimes or 6 cents.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Postcard divided address side with 4 kopek franking. Short paid and postage due applied.

 

The publisher of the card is John Lindgren, Viborg, Finland. From Rautjärvi on December 30 1905. To San Francisco, USA. New York D January 13 - 6 CENTS DUE. Paid with 5 and 1-cent stamps.

 

 

Postcard divided address side with 10 kopek accurate franking.

 

From Hangö August 9 1905. To Magdeburg, Germany. Magdeburg August 14 receiver.

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Stationeries stuff

 

 

 

1909 Russian nineteenth issue (auxiliary)

5 kopek envelope with 3 kopek overprint on 1889/90 seventeenth issue. Format 145 x 80. Rectangular backflap. Yellowish paper.

 

From Enso 1.II.11. To Stockholm, Sweden. 7 kopek additionally franking to meet the foreign rate.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1909 Russian third issue (auxiliary)

5 kopek - Закрытое письмо – lettercard with 3 kopek overprint on 1890 second issue. Type I overprint, 57˚ inclination. White paper.

 

The lettercard is unlisted in catalogues dealing with Russian stationeries used in Finland.

 

From Perkjärvi 6.VI.10. To St. Petersburg, Russia. 4 kopek additionally franking to meet the imperial rate.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Destination Harbin

3 kopek 1909 - ПОЧТОВАЯ КАРТОЧКА – postcard from Helsingfors  8.III.11. To Harbin, Russian encvlave in Manchuria. Harbin 29.3.11 receiver (Julian).

 

3 kopek imperial postcard rate.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Destination Taiping

4 kopek 1906 - ОТКРЫТОЕ ПИСЬМО - postcard from Helsingfors 15.XII.08. To Taiping in the state of Perak, Federated Malay States. Via Penang JA 7 1909, with Taiping receiver the very same day.

 

4 kopek foreign postcard rate.